"Doctor, I think snow ate something bad, she has barely moved in recent days, does not want to eat, and even vomited." Hanna (a pseudonym) said to me when she brought a four-month-old Persian kittens to my doctor in a very unhappy situation. When I asked if Snow had received a vaccination in the past, Hannah was amazed. "We store our dogs every year, but they told us we do not have to vaccinate cats."
It is true that you do not have to vaccinate cats by law, but if you want to prevent the widespread and deadly "kitten" cats disease, it is very good to vaccinate. For snow it was too late. The purpose of this article is to give a background on cat immunizations, to prevent unnecessary suffering and perhaps save lives. When we give a vaccine, we usually introduce the immune system of the immune system with a weak or dead version of the bacteria or the virus against which we store. It gives the immune system an opportunity to recognize the enemy, to create antibodies against it and to remember it ... all without risking contracting the disease itself. So when the virus or the real virus comes, we will have the upper hand and it will not cause any disease.
Each type of vaccination gives protection for another period of time. Over time, the immune memory fades away and another vaccine is needed to reawaken it. For example, tetanus tetanus, a tetanus toxoid vaccine, holds about 10 years, while a flu vaccine is barely a year old. There are vaccines for most cats' disease. It is customary to vaccinate cats with a "square" vaccine, which contains protection against four diseases. There is also an additional vaccine against rabies. Although the law does not require this, I recommend vaccinating cats against rabies.
The quadratic vaccine for cats has protection against kittens, chlamydia, virus clots, and rino-trachitis. The first disease is classic and very rare puppy disease in older cats. On the other hand, the last three cats have been hitting cats of all ages, especially young cats. Chlamydia can also infect humans.
There is a significant difference between adult vaccination and adult vaccination in the square vaccine. Puppies are born with a high level of antibodies that they get from their mother. These odors provide "maternal" protection until the age of 6-7 weeks, when the level of antibodies decreases and the pup is exposed to infectious diseases. Without vaccination at the age of 8 weeks at the latest (preferably 6), there is a very good chance that the puppy will develop a kitten. Because the puppy's immune system is not yet fully developed, the immune memory is very short and the defense fades within a month. Only at 4 months the immune system is mature enough to hold immune memory for a year as in adults. This means that the first vaccine should be given at the age of 6-8 weeks and continue to be immunized every month until the age of 4 months. That's why they do a series of 3 vaccinations: 6-8 weeks, 10-12 weeks, and 16- 14 weeks (the rabies starts in the middle at 12 weeks). In the adult cat, the square vaccine is important, but not as critical as for puppies. It is recommended to repeat the square vaccine once a year for life.
True, we often shy away from the high price of the vaccine, but it's important to remember that preventing disease is always cheaper than treating it. This is even more so when it comes to preventing fatal diseases, and certainly when it comes to diseases that can endanger people as well.